Tolterodine - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Tolterodine | Pronunciation : tol-TER-oh-deen
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an antimuscarinic agent, prescribed for the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary incontinence, urgency and frequency. It works by preventing bladder contraction.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with urinary retention, gastric retention or increased eye pressure and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category C :Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult- Oral- The recommended dose is 4 mg once daily or 2mg twice daily.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with liquids.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, severe blockage of stomach/intestine such as pyloric narrowing, enlarged prostate, heart problems, myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle disease), elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Patient may develop with increased risk of QT prolongation; if it so consult with your doctor.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Side Effects :
General- Headache, dry mouth, fatigue and severe allergic reactions.
Central Nervous System- Dizziness, confusion, disorientation, memory loss, hallucinations, drowsiness and anxiety.
Heart- Fast heart rate, palpitations and fluid accumulation.
Gastrointestinal- Constipation, abdominal pain, indigestion and diarrhea.
Eye- Dry eyes and abnormal vision.
Respiratory- Inflammation of sinus.
Genitourinary- Painful urination.