Theophylline - Drug Information

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General Information on Theophylline

Generic Name : Theophylline

Pronunciation : the off i lin

Latest prescription information about Theophylline. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y55.6 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Asthmatics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Theophylline

Why is Theophylline Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a bronchodilator, prescribed for asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. It works by relaxing the muscle around the airways in the lungs.

When should Theophylline not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Theophylline?

The recommended dose is 400 or 600 mg once a day in the morning or evening.

How should Theophylline be taken?

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Theophylline?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of seizures, ulcers, heart disease, overactive thyroid, high blood pressure, liver disease, alcoholism, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.
• Avoid taking large amount of caffeinated beverages.
• It may affect blood sugar level; monitor sugar level regularly while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Theophylline?

•   Serious effects : Death.
•   Most Common : Nausea, vomiting, headache, and sleeplessness.
•   Gastrointestinal : Abdominal pain, diarrhea and blood vomiting.
•   Metabolic : Decrease in blood potassium level and increase in sugar.
•   Heart : Fast heart rate and low blood pressure/shock.
•   Central Nervous System : Nervousness, tremors, disorientation and seizures.

What are the other precautions for Theophylline?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions of Theophylline?

Store it at room temperature and away from excess moisture.

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