Telmisartan - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Telmisartan | Pronunciation : TEL-mi-SAR-tan
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is angiotensin receptor blocker (ARBs), prescribed for hypertension. It works by relaxing blood vessels.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):♦Contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity. It should not be co-administered with aliskiren in patients with diabetes.
♦ Pregnancy Category :
Category C :Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Hypertension- Adults- Oral: Initial: 40 mg once daily. Max: 80 mg/day.
Cardio Vascular risk reduction- Adults- Oral: 80 mg once per day.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart, liver or kidney disease, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
Patients may develop with severe allergic reactions; if it so consult with your doctor.
It may cause diarrhea, dehydration, excessive sweating or vomiting which leads to low blood pressure.
Side Effects :
Most Common- Headache, dizziness and diarrhea.
Body as a Whole- Allergy, fever, leg pain and uneasiness.
Heart- Palpitations, chest pain, fast heart rate, leg swelling and abnormal ECG.
Central Nervous System- Sleeplessness, drowsiness, headache, unsteadiness, tingling, involuntary muscle contractions, decreased sensitivity, impotence, increased sweating flushing, anxiety, depression and nervousness.
Gastrointestinal- Flatulence, constipation, stomach inflammation, vomiting, dry mouth, gastro esophageal reflux, tooth pain and nonspecific gastrointestinal disorders.
Metabolic- Increased cholesterol level in blood and sugar.
Musculoskeletal- Joint inflammation/pain and leg cramps.
Immunity- Fungal infection, abscess and ear inflammation.
Respiratory- Asthma, difficulty in breathing, nosebleed and inflammation of bronchus/nose.
Skin - Skin inflammation, rash, redness and itching.
Genitourinary- Increased urination frequency and bladder inflammation.
Eye and ENT- Abnormal vision, eye inflammation, ringing in the ear and ear pain.