This medication is a sulfonamide antibacterial, prescribed for treating and preventing certain bacterial infections. It helps keep bacteria from growing in the body.
Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney disease, anemia, hypersensitivity, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Initial dose: One half of the 24-hour dose. Maintenance dose: 150 mg/kg/24 hours or 4 gm/Mē/24 hours - dose to be divided into 4 to 6 doses/24 hours.
It comes as a tablet and liquid to take by mouth, with or without food.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of diarrhea, sore throat, stomach or intestinal infection, asthma, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency, blood problems, liver or kidney problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it may cause secondary infection.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.
It should not be used in children less than 2 years old.
Allergic Reactions :
Shock, serum sickness, rash, hives, itching and sensitivity to light.
Heart : Fast heart rate, palpitations, fainting and bluish.
Gastrointestinal : Liver inflammation, jaundice, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, blood in stools, flatulence, mouth ulcer, salivary gland enlargement and inflammation of pancreas/tongue.
Genitourinary : Blood in urine, BUN and creatinine elevations, kidney inflammation and urinary retention.
Blood : Decrease in white blood cells, platelets, bruising, anemia, eosinophilia and clotting disorders.
Musculoskeletal : Muscle/joint pain.
Central Nervous System : Headache, dizziness, tingling, convulsions, ringing in the ear, unsteadiness, incoordination, stroke, mental depression, hallucinations, disorientation, depression, anxiety and apathy.
Respiratory : Cough, shortness of breath and pulmonary infiltrates.
Miscellaneous : Swelling in the extremities, fever, drowsiness, weakness, fatigue, lack of energy, rigors, flushing, hearing loss, sleeplessness, lung inflammation and chills.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15 to 30°C).
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