Generic Name : Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate Pronunciation : SOE-dee-um POL-ee-STYE-reen SUL-foe-nate Therapeutic Classification : Potassium-removing Resin
International- Kayexalate, Kionex, SPS. Other Name :
Potassium removal Polysterene Sulphonate Resin. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a potassium-removing resin, prescribed for hyperkalemia (without ECG changes). It affects the exchange of sodium and potassium in the body. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Contraindicated in patients with obstructive bowel disease, and hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Dosage: Adults: PO- The recommended dose is 15 g, 3-4 times daily in water. Children: 0.5- 1 g/kg daily in divided doses. How it should be taken :
It comes as a powder to take by mouth, with water. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart or kidney disease, high blood pressure, constipation, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
* Monitor blood potassium and other blood electrolyte levels, and electrocardiograms (ECGs) regularly while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Gastrointestinal - Rectal ulceration, GI irritation, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation and diarrhea.
* Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Store in a dry place below 30°C.
Suspensions of the resin should be freshly prepared and not to be stored beyond 24 hours.
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