Trade Names/Brand Names :
Risperdal Consta , Risperdal
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an atypical antipsychotic, prescribed for Asperger's syndrome (difficulties in social interaction), schizophrenia (disturbed or unusual thinking), schizoaffective disorder(elevated or depressed mood), the mixed and manic states associated with bipolar disorder, and irritability in children with autism(impaired social interaction).
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
The recommended initial dose is 2 mg/day by orally, increase from day 2 if necessary to a maximum of 16 mg/day.
How it should be taken :
This medication available in the form of tablet, a solution, and an orally disintegrating tablet to take by mouth once or twice a day, with or without food
Warnings and Precautions :
•Caution should also be exercised in patients with history of heart diseases, liver or kidney impairment, elderly, epilepsy; Parkinsonism, and during pregnancy.
•It may make you drowsy. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you.
•It may make it harder for your body to cool down when it gets very hot or warm up when it gets very cold.
Side Effects :
• Central Nervous System
Agitation, anxiety, headache, sleeplessness.
Sudden low blood pressure, constipation, difficulty in swallowing, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain.
• Eye and ENT
Blurred vision, runny nose.
Impotence excess milk secretion, breast enlargement, menstrual disorders.
Rash and allergy, extreme restlessness, involuntary movements, and uncontrollable speech symptoms (rarely), weight gain, swelling.
It may cause children to gain more weight than expected and for boys and male adolescents to have an increase in the size of their breasts.
Other Precautions :
Monitor blood glucose in diabetics and patients at risk of developing diabetes.
Storage Conditions :
Store at 15-25°C. Store it in an airtight container. Keep away from children.