Generic Name : Ramipril Pronunciation : ra mi' pril Therapeutic Classification : ACE Inhibitors ICD Code : Y52.4
India- Acepril Tab, Acepril Tab Tab, Acepril-A Tab, Alvace Cap, Amlokos-R Tab, Cardace Tab, Cardiopril Cap, Conram Tab, Cordimil Cap, Corpril Cap, Corpril-Am Tab, Dexace Tab, Ecator Tab, Etoril Tab, Gopril Tab, Hecril Tab, Hopace Cap, Hopace Tab, Hopace-Am Tab, Hopecard 2.5-Am Cap, Hopecard Cap, Hoperam Tab, Kapril Tab, Megapril Tab, Odipril Hg-Cap, Olmy-R Tab, Preface Tab, Prilace Tab, R.Pril Cap, Race Cap, Ramace Cap, Ramace Tab Tab, Ramcor Cap, Ramey Cap, Ramic Tab, Ramicard Tab, Ramic-Forte Tab, Ramichek Tab, Ramic-M Tab, Ramidil Cap, Ramihart Film-Coated Tab, Ramil Tab, Ramilace Tab, Ramipres Tab, Ramipro Cap, Ramiril Cap, Ramistar Cap, Ramistar-A Cap, Ramivik Tab, Ramm Tab, Rampril Cap, Rampril-Am Tab, Ramsho Tab, Ramtel Tab, Ramtel-H Tab, Ramvas Cap, Ramze Tab, R-Cord Cap, Ril Cap, Rl Tab, R-Pril Cap, Sartace H Tab, Sclerace Cap, Servace Am Cap, Servace Cap, Stamace Cap, Topril Am Cap, Topril Cap, Variace Tab, Xypril Cap, Zedpril Tab, Zigpril Cap, Zipril Tab, Ziram Cap, Ziram-Am Cap.
International- Altace. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients at risk for these problems and to improve survival in patients with heart failure after a heart attack. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity, bilateral renal artery stenosis (narrowing of the arteries going to the kidney), or a single kidney with unilateral renal artery stenosis, aortic stenosis or outflow tract obstruction, pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
PO- Hypertension- Initial: 1.25 mg at bedtime. Maintenance: 2.5-5 mg/day as a single dose, up to 10 mg/day if needed.
Heart failure- Initial: 1.25 mg once daily. Max: 10 mg/day.
Myocardial infarction (Heart Attack)- Start 3-10 days after infarction. Initial: 2.5 mg twice daily after 2 days, then 5 mg twice daily. Maintenance: 2.5-5 mg twice daily. How it should be taken :
It comes as a capsule to take by mouth. It is usually taken once or twice a day with or without food. Warnings and Precautions :
*It may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. Get up slowly from bed.
*It may cause a serious side effect called angioedema with symptoms of swelling of the hands, face, lips, eyes, throat, or tongue; difficulty swallowing or breathing; or hoarseness.
*It may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely.
*Monitor kidney function before and during treatment.
*Regular monitoring of white blood cells in patients with vascular collagen disorders is recommended.
*Use with caution in patients with history of an allergic reaction which included swelling of the face/lips/tongue/throat (angioedema). Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, high blood levels of potassium, heart problems, severe dehydration (and loss of electrolytes such as sodium), diabetes (poorly controlled), strokes, blood vessel disease (e.g., collagen vascular diseases such as lupus, scleroderma) and children.
Side Effects :
Heart- Low blood pressure, chest pain, loss of consciousness.
Central Nervous System- Dizziness.
Gastrointestinal- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Genitourinary- Abnormal kidney function.
Blood- Severe decrease in white blood cells.
Metabolic- Increase in potassium in blood.
Miscellaneous- Severe allergic reactions.
*Dehydration, excessive sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea may increase the risk of low blood pressure. So monitor blood pressure regularly. Storage Conditions :
Store at 25 ï¿½C. Store it in an airtight container and keep away from children.
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