Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a sedative, prescribed for insomnia (sleeplessness). It works by acting on the melatonin receptors in the brain, that is needed for sleep.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity and avoid co-administration with fluvoxamine.
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO- The recommended dose is 8 mg taken within 30 minutes before going to bed.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth. Avoid taking this medication with or immediately after taking food.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver disease, sleep apnea, a breathing disorder such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or history of depression, mental illness, suicidal thoughts, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
Patient may be engaged with certain activities such as driving, eating, making phone calls etc in absent mind, if it so consult with your doctor.
Side Effects :
Severe allergic reactions, abnormal thinking and behavioral changes.
Nausea and diarrhea.
Central Nervous system
Drowsiness, dizziness and sleeplessness.
Headache and fatigue.
Other Precautions :
It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (25°C), and in an airtight container.