Generic Name : Phenylephrine Pronunciation : FEN-il-EF-rin Therapeutic Classification : Decongestants ICD Code : Y55.5
India- Acolate Drops, Acolate P-Susp, A'cold Drops, Acuflu Plus Syr, Acuflu Syr, Acuflu Tab, Adcold-T Tab, Alex Paed Drops, Apihist Tab, Aryl Plus Tab, Aryl Susp, Atcold Susp, Atcold Tab, Belrin-D Tab, Chericof Sofgels Softgel, Cinaryl Drops, Cinaryl Liqd, Cinaryl Tab, Codylex-Cc Tab, Cofsym Syr, Cold Calm Tab, Coldarest Tab, Coldargic Syr, Coldargic Tab, Coldargic-P Susp, Coldrest Syr, Coldrest Tab, Coldrif Syr, Colep Drops, Colgin Syr, Colpep Syr, Colpep Tab, Congestyl Syr, Congestyl Tab, Cor-4 Drops, Cor-Cc Tab, Corico-P Syr, Corico-P Tab, Corinite Tab, Cozy Kid Syr, Cozy Plus Tab, Cozymin Drops, Cozymin Syr, Cozymin Tab Tab, Crozy Plus Tab, Decold Plus Tab, Decolgen-P Syr, Demol Syr, Demol Tab, Dolocold Susp, Dr.Smyle Cold & Flu Tab, Dristan Tab, Drosyn Eye Drops, Drosyn-T Eye Drops, Ebast-Dc Tab, Elcold-Ds Syr, Encold-P Drops, Entimin Syr, Flu-4-Xn Tab, Flurid Tab, Forcol-D Tab, Frenin Amp, Instaryl-Cold Tab, Koldy Tab, Kolq Drops, Kolq Syr, Kolq Tab, Kufkair-P syr, Lefrine Eye Drops, Lemo Drops, Lemo Syr, Marcold Tab, Maxtra P Tab, Maxtra Syr, Nasoryl Tab, Nefrisol Amp, Nozee Syr, Nozee Tab, Paracodrate Tab, Pyrin-C Tab, Quicol Tab, Ralcidin Forte Tab, Re-Active Syp Syr, Resput Syr, Rhino Tab, Rinza Tab, Sinarest Plus Susp, Sinarest Syr, Sinohist Syr, Sinohist Tab, Sinohist Tab, Sinurhon Tab, Snizaril Liqd, Snizaril Tab, Snizof Tab, Suprin Tab, Surdex Syr, Surdex Tab, Swiminic Drops, Tecrine Tab, Thermal-S Tablet Tab, T-Minic Drops, T-Minic Plus Syr, T-Minic Plus Tab, T-Minic Syr, T-Minic Tab, Trigenic Plus Syr, Trigenic Syr, Tusq-P Drops, Venmol Plus Syr Syr, Venmol Plus Tab, Vozil P Tab, Wikoryl Drops, Wikoryl Susp, Wikoryl Tab, Zocold Susp, Zocold Tab, Zykuf Drops, Zykuf-P Susp.
International- Deconsal CT , Histinex HC , Neo-Synephrine . Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a selective alpha agonist, used to increase blood pressure and topically as a nasal decongestant. It is also used in the eye to dilate the pupil or to constrict superficial blood vessels in eye allergy. It works by reducing swelling of the blood vessels in the nasal passages. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Contraindicated in patients with increased blood pressure, increase in heart rate, raised eye pressure. It should not be used with a MAO inhibitor.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
The recommended dose is:
IM- 2 to 5 mg.
IV- 0.1 to 0.5mg by slow infusion.
PO- 5 to 10mg.
Nasal- Nasal congestion: As 0.25-1% solution: Instill/spray 4 hourly as needed.
Ophthalmic- Usually 0.12% solution: Instill 1-2 drops â‰¤4 times/day for â‰¤72 hour. How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet, a liquid, or a dissolving strip to take by mouth. It is also comes as eye drops and nasal solution, instilled over affected area. Warnings and Precautions :
*Do not give phenylephrine containing products to children younger than 4 years of age. It may cause serious side effects or cause of death in children.
*Do not use this medication for longer duration, it may cause rebound congestion in prolonged or excessive use of nasal or eye drops.
*Caution should be exercised in patients with history of severe increase in thyroid hormone, severe heart disease, diabetes, prostate enlargement, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Side Effects :
Skin- Hives, itching, rash, photosensitivity.
Heart- High blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythm.
Central Nervous System - Tremor, irritability, sleeplessness, weakness, nervousness, headache.
EYE- Blurring of vision, stinging or burning sensation in the eye due to eye drops.
Respiratory - Tightness of the chest and wheezing, shortness of breath.
*Instill properly as directed by your physician. Storage Conditions :
Refer to the package insert. Some products are stored at room temperature whereas some are stored under refrigeration.
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