Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a barbiturate, prescribed for seizures, and treating sleep disorders.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with acute intermittent porphyria, severe lung insufficiency, and obstructive sleep apnea, liver and kidney disease.
Category D :
There is an evidence of fetal risk based on adverse reaction data, but potential benefits may allow the drug to be used in pregnant women despite risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 30 to 60mg once daily or in divided doses.
IM/IV- The recommended dose is 100 to 200mg.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of depression, pain, breathing problems, suicidal tendencies, shock, drug dependency, alcoholism, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It should not be used in children less than 12 years.
Side Effects :
Central Nervous system
Agitation, confusion, involuntary movements, incoordination, CNS depression, nightmares, nervousness, mental disturbance, hallucinations, sleeplessness, anxiety, drowsiness, and dizziness and thinking abnormality.
Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath.
Slow heart rate, low blood pressure and fainting.
Nausea, vomiting and constipation.
Headache, injection site reactions, hypersensitivity reactions, fever, liver damage and anemia.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (25°C).
Schedule : X
Narcotic and Psychotropic drugs which cannot be sold without the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.