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Paracetamol - Drug Information

Generic Name : Paracetamol | Pronunciation : par-ac-et-am-ol
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Latest prescription information about Paracetamol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y45.8 | Therapeutic Classification : Analgesic and Antipyretic Agent
Drug Information
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Trade Name(s): 

India : 

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International : 

Tylenol,Tylophen, Panadol, Valadol

Why it is prescribed : 


This medication is a non-opiate, analgesic and antipyretic, prescribed for headache, pain (muscle ache, backache) and fever either alone or combined with other medications.  It changes the way the body senses pain and cools the body.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category :


A

B

C

D

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Category B :

Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.

Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications): 


Adults: 0.5-1gm, 3-6 times daily max 4gm. Children: 15mg/kg/dose or 60mg/kg/24hr divided every 6 hrs. Maximum 5 doses SOS.

How it should be taken : 


It comes as a tablet and liquid to take by mouth, with or without food.

Warnings and Precautions : 

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of asthma, bleeding problems, growths in the nose, heart, kidney or liver disease, liver inflammation, high blood pressure, chickenpox, anxiety, trouble in sleeping, ulcers, stomach problems, stroke, Kawasaki syndrome, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It should not be used in children with infections such as flu, chickenpox or viral infections.
Avoid large amount of caffeinated beverages while taking this medication.
It may reduce platelet counts; avoid injury or bruising.

Side Effects : 

Nausea, stomach upset, skin rash, acute toxicity may result in liver failure.

Other Precautions : 

Avoid excess dosage.

Storage Conditions : 

Store it at room temperature.

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