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Nitrofurantoin - Drug Information

Generic Name : Nitrofurantoin | Pronunciation : nye troe fyoor an' toyn

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Latest prescription information about Nitrofurantoin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.8 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Infectives
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Trade Name(s): 


India : 



International : 

Furadantin, Macrodantin, Macrobid

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : 

This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for urinary tract infections.  It fights bacteria in the body.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney and liver impairment, anuria, anemia, pregnancy, and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category :

A B C D X

Category B :

Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.


Dosage & When it is to be taken : 

Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 50-100 mg 4 times/day for 7 days. Dual-release preparation: 100 mg twice daily.

How it should be taken : 

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with food.

Warnings and Precautions : 

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of anemia, sugar, electrolyte problems, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, kidney, liver, lung, nerve problems, porphyria, vitamin B deficiency, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.
Rarely it may cause severe respiratory problems including death; if you experience with symptoms like fever, chills, chest pain, unusual cough, trouble in breathing consult with your doctor immediately.

Side Effects : 


   Most Common
- Nausea, headache and flatulence.

   Gastrointestinal
- Diarrhea, indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting.

   Central Nervous System
- Dizziness, drowsiness and vision loss.

   Respiratory
- Lung inflammation.

   Allergic Reactions
- Itching and hives.

   Skin
- Hair loss.

   Miscellaneous
- Fever, chills and uneasiness.

Other Precautions : 

Monitor liver, kidney, and lung function regularly while taking this medication.

Storage Conditions : 

Store it at controlled room temperature (15° to 30°C).

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