Trade Names/Brand Names :
Furadantin, Macrodantin, Macrobid
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for urinary tract infections.
It fights bacteria in the body.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney and liver impairment, anuria, anemia, pregnancy, and hypersensitivity.
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 50-100 mg 4 times/day for 7 days. Dual-release preparation: 100 mg twice daily.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of anemia, sugar, electrolyte problems, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, kidney, liver, lung, nerve problems, porphyria, vitamin B deficiency, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.
Rarely it may cause severe respiratory problems including death; if you experience with symptoms like fever, chills, chest pain, unusual cough, trouble in breathing consult with your doctor immediately.
Side Effects :
• Most Common
Nausea, headache and flatulence.
Diarrhea, indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting.
• Central Nervous System
Dizziness, drowsiness and vision loss.
• Allergic Reactions
Itching and hives.
Fever, chills and uneasiness.
Other Precautions :
Monitor liver, kidney, and lung function regularly while taking this medication.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (15° to 30°C).