Nitrofurantoin - Drug Information

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General Information on Nitrofurantoin

Generic Name : Nitrofurantoin

Pronunciation : nye troe fyoor an' toyn

Latest prescription information about Nitrofurantoin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.8 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Infectives

Trade Names/Brand Names of Nitrofurantoin

Why is Nitrofurantoin Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for urinary tract infections.  It fights bacteria in the body.

When should Nitrofurantoin not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney and liver impairment, anuria, anemia, pregnancy, and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category B :

Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.

What is the dosage of Nitrofurantoin?

Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 50-100 mg 4 times/day for 7 days. Dual-release preparation: 100 mg twice daily.

How should Nitrofurantoin be taken?

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Nitrofurantoin?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of anemia, sugar, electrolyte problems, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, kidney, liver, lung, nerve problems, porphyria, vitamin B deficiency, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.
• Avoid exposure to sunlight.
• Rarely it may cause severe respiratory problems including death; if you experience with symptoms like fever, chills, chest pain, unusual cough, trouble in breathing consult with your doctor immediately.

What are the side effects of Nitrofurantoin?

   Most Common : Nausea, headache and flatulence.
   Gastrointestinal : Diarrhea, indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting.
   Central Nervous System : Dizziness, drowsiness and vision loss.
   Respiratory : Lung inflammation.
   Allergic Reactions : Itching and hives.
   Skin : Hair loss.
   Miscellaneous : Fever, chills and uneasiness.

What are the other precautions for Nitrofurantoin?

Monitor liver, kidney, and lung function regularly while taking this medication.

What are the storage conditions of Nitrofurantoin?

Store it at controlled room temperature (15° to 30°C).

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Please note for the minimum order for Exports is of US$ 200. All orders will be subject to courier charges and supplies are normally dispatched through internationally accredited courier services.

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