Nitrofurantoin - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Nitrofurantoin | Pronunciation : nye troe fyoor an' toyn
International :Furadantin, Macrodantin, Macrobid
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for urinary tract infections. It fights bacteria in the body.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney and liver impairment, anuria, anemia, pregnancy, and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult- PO- The recommended dose is 50-100 mg 4 times/day for 7 days. Dual-release preparation: 100 mg twice daily.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of anemia, sugar, electrolyte problems, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, kidney, liver, lung, nerve problems, porphyria, vitamin B deficiency, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.
Rarely it may cause severe respiratory problems including death; if you experience with symptoms like fever, chills, chest pain, unusual cough, trouble in breathing consult with your doctor immediately.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Nausea, headache and flatulence.
Gastrointestinal - Diarrhea, indigestion, abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting.
Central Nervous System - Dizziness, drowsiness and vision loss.
Respiratory - Lung inflammation.
Allergic Reactions - Itching and hives.
Skin - Hair loss.
Miscellaneous - Fever, chills and uneasiness.