Nitazoxanide - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Nitazoxanide | Pronunciation : nye-ta-ZOX-a-nide
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an antiprotozoal compound, effective in treating diarrhea caused by Cryptosporidium and Giardia. It works by stopping the growth of certain protozoa that cause diarrhea.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Oral- Cryptosporidiosis, Giardiasis- Adult: 500 mg every 12 hour for 3 days. Child: 1-3 year: 100 mg every 12 hour; 4-11 year: 200 mg every 12 hour; ≥12 years: 500 mg every 12 hour. All doses to be taken for 3 days.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken with food every 12 hours for 3 days.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution needed for patients with history of HIV, kidney or liver impairment, problems with immune system, children less than 1 year, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Side Effects :
Central Nervous System- Headache.
Gastrointestinal- Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.