Nifedipine - Drug Information

Generic Name : Nifedipine | Pronunciation : nye fed' i peen
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Latest prescription information about Nifedipine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.1 | Therapeutic Classification : Calcium Channel Blockers
Drug Information

Trade Name(s): 

India : 


International : 

Adalat, Procardia, Afeditab, Nifediac

Why it is prescribed : 

This medication is a calcium channel blocker, prescribed for angina (chest pain), high blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythms.  It works by relaxing blood vessels.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Contraindicated in patients with very low blood pressure or shock due to heart problems and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category :






Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications): 

Adult: PO- The starting dose is one 10 mg 3 times/day. The usual effective dose range is 10-20 mg three times daily.

How it should be taken : 

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with or without food.

Warnings and Precautions : 

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of chest pain, blood vessel problems, recent heart attack, irregular heartbeat; low blood pressure, liver or kidney disease, swelling in the extremities, fluid in lungs, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Side Effects : 

   Most Common
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, or faintness, headache, weakness, flushing, nausea, heartburn, muscle cramps, sore throat and swelling of feet or lower legs.

- Swelling in the extremities and palpitations.
Nausea, diarrhea, constipation, cramps and flatulence.

- Nasal and chest congestion and shortness of breath.

- Inflammation, joint stiffness and muscle cramps.

   Central Nervous System
- Shakiness, nervousness, jitteriness, sleep disturbances, blurred vision and difficulty in balance.

- Skin inflammation, itching, hives, fever, increased sweating, chills and sexual disorders.

Other Precautions : 

Avoid excess dosage.

Storage Conditions : 

Store it at controlled room temperature (15 to 25C).

Schedule : H

Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.


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My systolic blood pressure is between 140- 152 persistently and diastolic pressure below 80 . I am non -diabetic with my lipid profile, renal profile and liver profile within normal limits. Which anti-hypertensive drug should i start taking.
drsrauniyar1957  Sunday, November 30, 2014
Hi, I would like to know if it is also prescribed for Raynaud's disorder [swelling in extremities due to cold] and if it is shown to be effective for this indication?
Geetesh  Sunday, December 29, 2013
why not aspirin and any anti hyertensive drug mix together and formulate is it not good to patients who are aspirin dependant and patients with cardiac diseases
abumaryam  Tuesday, November 23, 2010
Pallavi Kolate
please send me mouth dissolving formulation & evaluation of nifedipine,if any available as i am M.pharm student working on this topic
Pallavi Kolate  Monday, July 7, 2008
I was taking coversyl 2mg but now my Dr changed it to retar 20 mg twice a day.My blood p is in control but I have swollen feet.It has been 4 months since I have been on retard 20 mg.I would like to know which is better coversyl or retard.Please let me know.
jasmine  Thursday, April 5, 2007
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