Medindia

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Nifedipine - Drug Information

Generic Name : Nifedipine | Pronunciation : nye fed' i peen
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Latest prescription information about Nifedipine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.1 | Therapeutic Classification : Calcium Channel Blockers
Drug Information
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Trade Name(s): 

India : 

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International : 

Adalat, Procardia, Afeditab, Nifediac

Why it is prescribed : 

This medication is a calcium channel blocker, prescribed for angina (chest pain), high blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythms.  It works by relaxing blood vessels.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Contraindicated in patients with very low blood pressure or shock due to heart problems and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category :


A

B

C

D

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Category C :

Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications): 

Adult: PO- The starting dose is one 10 mg 3 times/day. The usual effective dose range is 10-20 mg three times daily.

How it should be taken : 

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with or without food.

Warnings and Precautions : 

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of chest pain, blood vessel problems, recent heart attack, irregular heartbeat; low blood pressure, liver or kidney disease, swelling in the extremities, fluid in lungs, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

Side Effects : 


   Most Common
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, or faintness, headache, weakness, flushing, nausea, heartburn, muscle cramps, sore throat and swelling of feet or lower legs.

   Heart
- Swelling in the extremities and palpitations.
Nausea, diarrhea, constipation, cramps and flatulence.

   Respiratory
- Nasal and chest congestion and shortness of breath.

   Musculoskeletal
- Inflammation, joint stiffness and muscle cramps.

   Central Nervous System
- Shakiness, nervousness, jitteriness, sleep disturbances, blurred vision and difficulty in balance.

   Miscellaneous
- Skin inflammation, itching, hives, fever, increased sweating, chills and sexual disorders.

Other Precautions : 

Avoid excess dosage.

Storage Conditions : 

Store it at controlled room temperature (15 to 25C).

Schedule : H

Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

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