Nicorandil - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Nicorandil
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is a vasodilator, prescribed for angina pectoris (chest pain). It works by relaxing the blood vessels.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with cardiogenic shock (poor blood circulation), heart failure, low blood pressure, breast-feeding and children.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult: Oral: Initial: 10 mg twice daily. Usual dose: 10-20 mg twice daily. Max: 30 mg twice daily.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet, to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of low volume of blood (hypovolaemia), low blood pressure, heart attack or other heart disease, lung swelling, mouth ulcer, any allergy, elderly and during pregnancy.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Most Common- Headache, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, flushing, weakness and rectal bleeding.
Heart- Fast heart rate and low blood pressure.
Miscellaneous- Rash, abnormal liver function, mouth ulcer and muscle pain.