Niacin - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Niacin | Pronunciation : nye' a sin
International :Niacor, Niaspan, Slo-Niacin, Nicolar
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an antihyperlipidemic agent, prescribed for hyperlipidemia. Niacin is a B-complex vitamin.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with ulcer, severe liver disease, arterial bleeding, and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category C :Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult: PO-The daily dosage is 500 mg in any 4—week period. The recommended maintenance dose is 1000 to 2000mg.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet, capsule, and liquid to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of chest pain, sugar, increased eye pressure, gout, recent heart attack, kidney or liver problems, low blood pressure, low blood minerals, muscle problems, peptic ulcers, thyroid deficiency, any allergy, who are taking other medications, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It may affect blood counts, avoid bruising or injury.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Flushing, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, increased cough and itching.
Gastrointestinal - Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and increased cough.
Skin - Rash.
Heart - Flushing.