Trade Names/Brand Names :
Metronidazole Oral, MetroGel Vaginal, Vandazole, MetroLotion
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an antibacterial agent, prescribed for trichomoniasis, amebiasis and other bacterial infections.
It fights against bacteria in the body.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO- One-day treatment - two grams of flagyl, given either as a single dose or in two divided doses of one gram each given in the same day.
Seven-day course of treatmentï¿½250 mg three times daily for seven consecutive days.
Vaginal Gel- one applicator is administered intravaginally once a day for 5 days.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food. It also comes as vaginal gel, to be introduced into the vagina.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of nerve, brain, Crohnï¿½s disease, liver impairment, seizures, heart disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it may cause secondary infection.
Side Effects :
• Most common
Headache, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramping.
Decrease in white blood cells and platelets.
• Central Nervous System
Brain disease, seizures, eye nerve problems, dizziness, unsteadiness, in coordination, confusion, irritability, depression, weakness and sleeplessness.
Hives, rash, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, skin death, flushing, nasal congestion, dryness of the mouth and fever.
Painful urination, bladder inflammation, adequate urination and incontinence.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store this medication at room temperature, out of reach of children.
Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.