Metformin - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Metformin | Pronunciation : met FOR min
International :Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine), kidney disease and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Dose is based on patientís condition. The recommended dose is 0.5 to 2.5mg in divided doses.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :It may cause dizziness, do not drink alcohol beverages while taking this medication.
It may lead to dehydration; drink plenty of water to avoid this problem.
Monitor blood sugar regularly.
Take your food properly; otherwise it will lead to low blood sugar.
Caution needed in elderly patients, children, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Diarrhea, vomiting and infection.
Body as a Whole - Accidental injury, headache and infection.
Gastrointestinal - Indigestion and nausea.
Respiratory - Nose inflammation.