Metformin - Drug Information

Generic Name : Metformin | Pronunciation : met FOR min
J E 4

Latest prescription information about Metformin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y42.3 | Therapeutic Classification : Antidiabetics
Drug Information

Trade Name(s): 

India : 


International : 

Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet

Why it is prescribed : 

This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.  

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine), kidney disease and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category :






Category B :

Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.

Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications): 

Dose is based on patientís condition. The recommended dose is 0.5 to 2.5mg in divided doses.

How it should be taken : 

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.

Warnings and Precautions : 

It may cause dizziness, do not drink alcohol beverages while taking this medication.
It may lead to dehydration; drink plenty of water to avoid this problem.
Monitor blood sugar regularly.
Take your food properly; otherwise it will lead to low blood sugar.
Caution needed in elderly patients, children, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Side Effects : 

   Most Common
- Diarrhea, vomiting and infection.

   Body as a Whole
- Accidental injury, headache and infection.

- Indigestion and nausea.

- Nose inflammation.

Other Precautions : 

Avoid excess dosage.

Storage Conditions : 

Store it at room temperature.

Schedule : G

Drugs that are to be used only under medical supervision.


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diabetes is not a disease. it's an inefficiency to produce the sufficient insulin by pancreas. there are so many reasons for pancreas not to produce insulin.such as; hereditary, accidents, food habits and the most important thing is tension. most of the diabetic patients are well aware of these facts. i am a diabetic patient for the last 18 years. now i am type 2 diabetic patient. i would like to give a small advice/suggestion; whatever diet, medication or exercise u r practicing once u r tensed up due to d situations which r not in ur control, the whole hard work will b wasted. At that time please try to calm ur self by closing ur eyes for one minute. Take deep breath and concentrate on your breathing until you feel calm. however long u wanted to sit in the same posture it is up to u. this will differently help u to calm ur self n bring down ur sugar levels. more than medication self control n self discipline will help u . if u r a diabetic patient "YOU ARE YOUR OWN DOCTOR".
pavuma  Tuesday, February 16, 2016
metxl25 us being taken to control the BP.Nw rge Doctor stoped.What will be the effect and use of this drug may kindky give the detaied information. Gunesh Heart patient under went by Pass surgery two years back
gunesh70  Friday, August 30, 2013
I am interested to know whether the medicine should be taken along with breakfast or lunch?
sunil_pandita  Tuesday, April 2, 2013
i am not getting the drug by name metadoze-ipr Mfd. BIOCON, Bangalore India Please let me know.
vijayabalu  Tuesday, February 5, 2013
If someone is pregnant 1 month and have taken 12 serformin of 500g at a time, is this will affect the baby?
celana  Monday, August 15, 2011
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