Metformin - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Metformin | Pronunciation : met FOR min
Latest prescription information about Metformin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
International :Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine), kidney disease and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Dose is based on patientís condition. The recommended dose is 0.5 to 2.5mg in divided doses.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :It may cause dizziness, do not drink alcohol beverages while taking this medication.
It may lead to dehydration; drink plenty of water to avoid this problem.
Monitor blood sugar regularly.
Take your food properly; otherwise it will lead to low blood sugar.
Caution needed in elderly patients, children, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Diarrhea, vomiting and infection.
Body as a Whole - Accidental injury, headache and infection.
Gastrointestinal - Indigestion and nausea.
Respiratory - Nose inflammation.