Trade Names/Brand Names :
Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine), kidney disease and hypersensitivity.
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Dose is based on patients condition. The recommended dose is 0.5 to 2.5mg in divided doses.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :
It may cause dizziness, do not drink alcohol beverages while taking this medication.
It may lead to dehydration; drink plenty of water to avoid this problem.
Monitor blood sugar regularly.
Take your food properly; otherwise it will lead to low blood sugar.
Caution needed in elderly patients, children, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Side Effects :
Diarrhea, vomiting and infection.
Body as a Whole
Accidental injury, headache and infection.
Indigestion and nausea.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature.
Schedule : G
Drugs that are to be used only under medical supervision.