Generic Name : Mepivacaine Pronunciation : me-PIV-a-kane Therapeutic Classification : Local Anesthetics ICD Code : Y48.3
International- Carbocaine and Polocaine. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a local anesthetic, prescribed for inducing local or regional analgesia and anesthesia during surgical procedures, labor, or delivery. It works by preventing nerves from transmitting painful impulses to the brain. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
The recommended single adult dose should not usually exceed 400 mg. How it should be taken :
It comes as a solution for injection, to be administered by a healthcare provider into the treatment area. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of inflammation or infection at the proposed injection site, severe heart problems, low blood pressure, low blood volume, or kidney or liver disease, who are taking other medications, any allergy, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
* It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Central Nervous System - Restlessness, anxiety, dizziness, ringing in the ear, blurred vision, or tremors.
Heart - Decreased cardiac output, heart block, low/high blood pressure, slow heart rate, abnormal heart rhythm, and possibly cardiac arrest.
Allergic Reactions - Hives, itching, redness, angioneurotic edema (including laryngeal edema), fast heart rate, sneezing, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, excessive sweating, elevated temperature.
* Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F).
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