Generic Name : Mephobarbital Pronunciation : me-foe-BAR-bih-tal Therapeutic Classification : Anticonvulsants ICD Code : Y47.0
International- Mebaral. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a barbiturate, prescribed for anxiety, tension, apprehension, and preventing seizures. It works by restoring the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Epilepsy: Average dose for adults: 400 mg to 600 mg (6 grains to 9 grains) daily; children under 5 years: 16 mg to 32 mg (1/4 grain to ½ grain) three or four times daily.
Sedation: Adults: 32 mg to 100 mg (½ grain to 1 ½ grains)–optimum dose, 50 mg (3/4 grain)–three to four times daily. Children: 16 mg to 32 mg (1/4 grain to ½ grain) three to four times daily. How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet, to take by mouth with or without food. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver problems, suicidal thoughts, lung disease, heart disease, depression, who are taking other medications, any allergy, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
* It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.
* Monitor blood cell counts and kidney and liver function tests regularly while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Most Common - Drowsiness.
Central Nervous System - Agitation, confusion, incoordination, CNS depression, abnormal dreams, nervousness, psychiatric disturbances, hallucinations, sleeplessness, anxiety, dizziness, thinking abnormality.
Respiratory - Difficulty in breathing.
Heart - Slow heart rate, low blood pressure, and fainting.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, vomiting, constipation.
Others - Headache, hypersensitivity reactions such as angioedema, skin rashes; fever, liver damage, anemia.
* Avoid excess dosage Storage Conditions :
Store the medication as directed by your physician.
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