Mannitol - Drug Information

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General Information on Mannitol

Generic Name : Mannitol

Pronunciation : MAN-i-tol

Latest prescription information about Mannitol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y54.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Diuretics

Why is Mannitol Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an osmotic diuretic, prescribed for increased intracranial pressure, eye pressure, to maintain urine flow in kidney failure patients, and promotion of urinary excretion of toxic materials. 

When should Mannitol not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with heart failure, stroke, anuria, severe dehydration, and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Mannitol?

IV- The recommended dose is 0.5 2 gm/kg.

How should Mannitol be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

What are the warnings and precautions for Mannitol?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of swelling, kidney problems, or heart problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Monitor blood electrolytes, kidney function, lung function, heart function, and blood counts regularly while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Mannitol?

Nausea, vomiting, runny nose, local pain, chills, dizziness, hives and chest pain.

What are the other precautions for Mannitol?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions of Mannitol?

Store it at controlled room temperature (15 to 30C), and in an airtight container.

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