Lorazepam - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Lorazepam | Pronunciation : lor a' ze pam
International :Ativan, Lorazepam Intensol
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety. It slows activity in the brain to allow for mind relaxation.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with narrow-angle glaucoma and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category D :There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :PO- The recommended dose is 2-3 mg/day given in two or three divided doses.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of increased eye pressure, seizures, lung, heart or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness or dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Monitor liver function and complete blood counts regularly while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Dizziness, weakness and unsteadiness.
Central Nervous System - Drowsiness, memory loss, confusion, disorientation, depression, emotional state, suicidal thought/attempt, incoordination, weakness, convulsions/seizures, tremor, fainting, visual disturbances, slurred speech, change in libido, impotence, headache and coma.
Respiratory - Respiratory depression and worsening of obstructive pulmonary disease.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, change in appetite, constipation and jaundice.
Hypersensitivity reactions - Shock.
Skin - Hair loss.