Loperamide - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Loperamide | Pronunciation : loe per' a mide
International :Diamode, Diar-Aid, Imodium, Imotil, K-Pek II, Kao-Paverin, Kaopectate 1-D, Maalox Anti-Diarrheal, Pepto Diarrhea Control
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an antidiarrheal agent, prescribed for diarrhea. It slows the movement of bowel contents.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with dysentery, intestinal ulcer, children less than 2 years old and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adults: The recommended initial dose is 4mg (two capsules) followed by 2 mg (one capsule) after each unformed stool.
Child- Two to five years: 1 mg three times per day (3mg daily).
Six to eight years: 2 mg two times per day (4mg daily dose).
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet, capsule and liquid to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of bloody diarrhea, mucus in the stool, fever, bowel problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness, dizziness or tiredness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Nausea, vomiting, constipation and abdominal cramps.
Skin - Rash, itching and hives.
Gastrointestinal - Dry mouth, abdominal pain, flatulence, indigestion and intestinal obstruction.
Genitourinary - Urinary retention.
Central Nervous System - Drowsiness and dizziness.