Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a lincosamide antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of bacterial infections.
It stops the production of essential proteins that block bacterial surveillance.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adult: PO- Serious anaerobic infections- 500 mg 3-4 times/day.
IV- Serious anaerobic infections- 0.6-1 g 2-3 times/day. Max: 8 g/day.
IM- Serious anaerobic infections- 600 mg 1-2 times/day. Max: 8 g/day.
Topical- Acne- As 2% gel: Apply as directed.
Subconjunctival- Serious anerobic infections- in dose equiv to 75 mg.
How it should be taken :
It comes in various forms such as injection, syrup, capsules, gel to be taken as directed by a physician.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of gastrointestinal disease, liver, kidney problems, any allergy, asthma, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Take full course of treatment.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it will cause secondary infection.
Side Effects :
Inflammation of tongue/mouth/colon, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and itching in anus.
Decreased blood cell counts.
Swelling in the extremities.
Skin rash, hives and vaginal inflammation.
Jaundice and abnormal liver function tests.
Elevation of blood urea nitrogen, low output of urine and/or protein in urine.
Low blood pressure.
Other Precautions :
Monitor complete blood counts, liver and kidney functions regularly while taking this medication.
Storage Conditions :
Oral, Injection, Subconjunctival: Store this medication in controlled room temperature (20-25°C).