Generic Name : Lidocaine Pronunciation : Lye-do-cane Therapeutic Classification : Vasopressors♦ Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA
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International- Xylocaine Viscous. Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is a local anesthetic, indicated for local or regional anesthesia. It prevents nerves from sending painful impulses to the brain. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
IV/IM- 50 – 100mg bolus injection followed by 20 – 40mg every 10 -20 min or 1 – 3mg/min infusion.
Topical- Surface anesthetic: As eutectic mixture containing lidocaine base 2.5% and prilocaine base 2.5%: Apply to skin under an occlusive dressing before procedure. How it should be taken : It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or muscle.
It also comes as a cream, gel, and solution to apply topically. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution needed for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
* It may cause dizziness, drowsiness or blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Dizziness, drowsiness, vomiting, blurred vision and slurred speech.
♦ Anaphylactic reactions.
*Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (25°C), and protect from light.
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