Hydromorphone - Drug Information

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General Information on Hydromorphone

Generic Name : Hydromorphone

Pronunciation : hye droe mor' fone

Latest prescription information about Hydromorphone. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y45.0 | Therapeutic Classification : Analgesics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Hydromorphone

International- Dilaudid, Exalgo, Hydrostat, Palladone, Vicoprofen.

Why is Hydromorphone Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an opioid analgesic, prescribed for moderate to severe pain.  It works in the brain and nervous system to reduce pain.

When should Hydromorphone not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with respiratory depression, asthma and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Hydromorphone?

Dose is based on patient’s condition.

How should Hydromorphone be taken?

It comes as a tablet, syrup to take by mouth. It also comes as a rectal suppository.

What are the warnings and precautions for Hydromorphone?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney disease, alcoholism, lung or thyroid disease, heart disease, prostate enlargement, urinary problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
• Avoid alcohol consumption.
• It may lead to constipation; if it so consult with your doctor.
• Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise patient may get addicted to this drug.

What are the side effects of Hydromorphone?

   Severe effects : Respiratory depression, shortness of breath, poor blood circulation, respiratory arrest and shock.
   Most Common : Light-headedness, dizziness, sedation, nausea, vomiting, increased sweating, flushing, anxiety, dry mouth and itching.
   Central Nervous System : Weakness, headache, agitation, tremor, uncoordinated muscle movements, nervousness, depression, floating feeling, dreams, muscle rigidity, tingling, muscle tremor, blurred vision, night blindness, double vision, disorientation, visual disturbances and increased intracranial pressure.
   Heart : Flushing of the face, chills, fast/slow heart rate, palpitations, faintness and low/high blood pressure.
   Respiratory : Asthma.
   Gastrointestinal : Constipation, intestinal spasm, ileus, loss of appetite, diarrhea, cramps and taste alteration.
   Genitourinary : Urinary retention or hesitancy.
   Skin : Hives and skin rash.

What are the other precautions for Hydromorphone?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions of Hydromorphone?

Store it at room temperature and protect from light. Store suppositories in the refrigerator.

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