Generic Name : Hydralazine Pronunciation : hye dral' a zeen Therapeutic Classification : Vasodilators ICD Code : Y52.3
International- Apresoline, Dralzine. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a smooth muscle relaxant, prescribed for essential hypertension. This medication lowers the blood pressure. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Initial: The recommended dose is 10 mg four times daily for the first 2-4 days, increase to 25 mg four times daily for the balance of the first week. How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, as directed by your physician. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart disease, kidney or liver disease, heart attack, any allergy, who are taking other medications, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
* It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* Avoid alcohol consumption.
* Monitor complete blood counts, blood pressure and antinuclear antibody titers while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Common - Headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, palpitations, fast heart rate and chest pain.
Gastrointestinal - Constipation and intestinal obstruction.
Heart - Low blood pressure and swelling.
Respiratory - Difficulty in breathing.
Central Nervous System - Tingling, numbness, dizziness, tremors, muscle cramps, depression, disorientation and anxiety.
Genitourinary - Difficulty in urination.
Blood - Anemia and decrease in white blood cells.
Hypersensitivity - Rash, hives, itching, fever, chills, joint pain and eosinophilia.
Miscellaneous - Nasal congestion, flushing, lacrimation and eye inflammation.
* Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature, and in an airtight container.
Comment & Contribute
Ask an Expert