Generic Name : Halothane Pronunciation : HAL-o-thayne Therapeutic Classification : Inhalational Anesthetics ICD Code : Y48.0
International- Fluothane, Halothane. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an inhalational general anesthetic, prescribed for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. It decreases abnormal excitement in the brain. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
It is not recommended for obstetrical anesthesia except when uterine relaxation is required.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult: Inhalation Induction- 2-4% v/v in O2 or mixtures of nitrous oxide and O2. Maintenance: 0.5-2% v/v depending on the flow rate used. How it should be taken :
It comes as a solution for inhalation to be administered by a well-trained healthcare provider. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart, kidney, liver disease, during early pregnancy.
* Patient may develop with increased risk of malignant hyperthermia (life-threatening condition with very high temperature), and intracranial pressure; if it is so consult with your doctor immediately.
* Monitor liver function regularly while taking this medication. Side Effects :
Severe effects - Liver damage, heart arrest and abnormal increase in body temperature.
Miscellaneous - Low blood pressure, respiratory arrest, shivering, nausea and vomiting.
* Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (25°C) in an airtight container. Protect from light.
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