Generic Name : Glatiramer Pronunciation : gla tir' a mer Therapeutic Classification : Immunomodulators
International- Copaxone. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an immunomodulator, used to treat multiple sclerosis. It stops the body from damaging its own nerve cells. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
SC: The recommended dose is 20mg/day. How it should be taken :
It comes as a solution to inject under the skin (subcutaneously) by a healthcare provider, once a day. Warnings and Precautions :
* Patient may experience with the following symptoms: flushing, chest pain, pounding heartbeat, anxiety, trouble in breathing, closing of the throat, and hives. If any of these symptoms become severe, consult with your doctor.
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney disease, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Side Effects :
Most Common- Injection site reaction, dilatation of blood vessels, rash, runny nose, difficulty in breathing and chest pain.
Heart- Palpitation and fast heart rate.
Eye - Eye disorder and double vision.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, vomiting and difficulty in swallowing.
Local Reaction - Redness, itching and inflammation.
Hypersensitivity - Influenza, inflammation of nose, bronchus, stomach and vaginal fungal infection.
Metabolic - Increase in weight.
Musculoskeletal - Back pain and benign skin cancer.
Central Nervous System - Tremor, headache, fainting, abnormal thinking, speech disorder, psychiatric disorder, anxiety and nervousness.
Genitourinary- Urinary urgency and painful menstruation.
Respiratory- Cough and spasm.
Skin - Itching, rash and hives.
ENT- Ear pain.
Miscellaneous- Chills, loss of appetite, fever and swelling in the face and leg region.
*Avoid excess dosage. Storage Conditions :
Keep it in refrigerator (2°C to 8°C); do not freeze it.
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