Ertapenem - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Ertapenem | Pronunciation : ER-ta-PEN-em
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for moderate to severe infections like abdomen, skin, diabetic foot, community acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infections, prophylaxis of surgical-site infection following elective colorectal surgery. It kills sensitive bacteria.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Allergic to penicillins or cephalosporins, or local anesthetics.
♦ Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adults: IV/IM- 1g/day for 7 to 14 days. Children: 15 mg/kg twice daily.
How it should be taken :
It is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic.
Warnings and Precautions :Long-term or repeated use of this medication may cause a second infection.
Monitor kidney function, liver function, and complete blood cell counts while using this medication.
Caution needed for pregnant women, children less than 3 months, and elderly.
Side Effects :
Local- Infused vein complication, pain, redness, extravasation(accidental administration of the drug in the surrounding tissues), inflammation or blood clot in veins, swelling, indurations, and warmth.
Body as a whole- Abdominal distention, pain, chills, septicemia, septic shock, dehydration, gout, uneasiness, necrosis, candidiasis, weight loss, facial edema, flank pain, incoordination, muscle weakness, syncope and severe allergic reactions.
Heart- Chest pain, high or low blood pressure, fast heart rate.
Central Nervous System- Headache, altered mental status, sleeplessness, dizziness, anxiety, weakness/fatigue, seizure, movement disorder, hallucinations, tremor.
Skin- Diaper dermatitis (rash in the thighs and buttocks of infants), rash.
Eye and ENT- Inflammation and viral infection of nasopharynx.
Gastrointestinal- Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, acid regurgitation, inflammation and infection of the large intestine, small intestine obstruction, abdominal abscess.
Genitourinary- Urinary tract infection, vaginal inflammation.
Respiratory- Cough, difficulty in breathing, pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infection, respiratory distress.
Miscellaneous- Anemia, viral infections.