Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an antibiotic, prescribed for moderate to severe infections like abdomen, skin, diabetic foot, community acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infections, prophylaxis of surgical-site infection following elective colorectal surgery. It kills sensitive bacteria.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Allergic to penicillins or cephalosporins, or local anesthetics.
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adults: IV/IM- 1g/day for 7 to 14 days. Children: 15 mg/kg twice daily.
How it should be taken :
It is usually given as an injection at your doctor's office, hospital, or clinic.
Warnings and Precautions :
Long-term or repeated use of this medication may cause a second infection.
Monitor kidney function, liver function, and complete blood cell counts while using this medication.
Caution needed for pregnant women, children less than 3 months, and elderly.
Side Effects :
Infused vein complication, pain, redness, extravasation(accidental administration of the drug in the surrounding tissues), inflammation or blood clot in veins, swelling, indurations, and warmth.
Body as a whole
Abdominal distention, pain, chills, septicemia, septic shock, dehydration, gout, uneasiness, necrosis, candidiasis, weight loss, facial edema, flank pain, incoordination, muscle weakness
, syncope and severe allergic reactions.
Chest pain, high or low blood pressure, fast heart rate.
Central Nervous System
Headache, altered mental status, sleeplessness, dizziness, anxiety, weakness/fatigue, seizure, movement disorder, hallucinations, tremor.
Diaper dermatitis (rash in the thighs and buttocks of infants), rash.
Eye and ENT
Inflammation and viral infection of nasopharynx.
Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, acid regurgitation, inflammation and infection of the large intestine, small intestine obstruction, abdominal abscess.
Urinary tract infection, vaginal inflammation.
Cough, difficulty in breathing, pneumonia, upper respiratory tract infection, respiratory distress.
Anemia, viral infections.
Other Precautions :
Continue to use this medication until the full prescribed treatment period is finished.
Storage Conditions :
It is usually handled and stored by a health care provider.
♦ Safety Labeling Changes Approved By FDA