Generic Name : Ephedrine Pronunciation : e-FED-rin Therapeutic Classification : Decongestants ICD Code : Y55.5
India- Efipres Amp, Sulfidrin Inj.
International- Pretz-D. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is a central nervous system stimulant, prescribed for breathing problems (as a bronchodilator) and for nasal congestion. It is also used for lowering blood pressure. The medication reduces swelling of blood vessels in the nasal passage and widens the air way thereby enhances easy breathing. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in people with adrenal gland tumor, abnormal fast heart rate, hypersensitivity and during breastfeeding.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult: PO- Diabetic neuropathic edema- 30-60 mg 3 times/day.
IV- Reversal of spinal or epidural anesthesia-induced hypotension- As 3 mg/ml solution: 3-6 mg, up to 9 mg, may repeat every 3-4 minutes if needed. How it should be taken :
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider, with or without food. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of heart disease, overactive thyroid, diabetes, high blood pressure, increased eye pressure, kidney impairment, prostate enlargement, elderly, during pregnancy.
* It may cause dizziness, drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* If condition worsens, consult with your healthcare provider.
Side Effects :
Most Common- Nervousness, sleeplessness, fainting, headache, fast heart rate, palpitations and sweating.
Gastrointestinal- Nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite.
Miscellaneous- Muscle spasm, difficulty and painful urination.
* Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (15-25°C).
Comment & Contribute
Ask an Expert