Dicyclomine - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Dicyclomine | Pronunciation : dye sye' kloe meen
Other Name :Dicycloverine
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an anticholinergic, prescribed for irritable bowel syndrome. It blocks a chemical in the smooth muscle of the stomach and intestines.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with urinary obstruction, gastrointestinal tract obstruction, reflux, increased eye pressure, unstable angina, myasthenia gravis, infants less than 6 months and hypersensitivity.
♦ Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult: PO- 10-20 mg 3 times/day. IM- 20 mg 4 times/day for 1-2 days. Replace with oral therapy as soon as possible.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of chronic inflammation or ulcers, diarrhea, enlargement of the prostrate, hiatal hernia, kidney or liver disease, nerve disease, overactive thyroid, urinary blockage or retention, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid becoming overheated; otherwise heatstroke may occur.
Side Effects :
Gastrointestinal - Dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, constipation, bloated feeling, abdominal pain, loss of taste and appetite.
Central Nervous System - Dizziness, light-headedness, tingling, headache, drowsiness, weakness, nervousness, numbness, mental confusion and/or excitement lethargy, fainting, speech disturbances, sleeplessness, amnesia, agitation, delusion, disorientation, hallucination.
Eye - Blurred vision, double vision, dilatation of blood vessels and increased eye pressure.
Skin - Rash, hives, itching and other dermal manifestations.
Genitourinary - Urinary hesitancy and urinary retention.
Heart - Fast heart rate and palpitations.
Respiratory - Difficulty in breathing.
Miscellaneous - Decreased sweating, nasal stuffiness or congestion, sneezing, throat congestion, impotence and suppression of milk secretion.