Diazepam - Drug Information

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General Information on Diazepam

Generic Name : Diazepam

Pronunciation : dye az' e pam

Latest prescription information about Diazepam. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y47.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Anxiolytics, Sedatives And Hypnotics

Why is Diazepam Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety. It is also used for muscle spasms and seizures. It works by acting on receptors in the brain called GABA receptors.

When should Diazepam not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category D :

There is an evidence of fetal risk based on adverse reaction data, but potential benefits may allow the drug to be used in pregnant women despite risks.

What is the dosage of Diazepam?

Adult- PO/IV/IM- The recommended dose range is 2 to 20 mg/day in divided doses.

How should Diazepam be taken?

It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, with or without food.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or muscle.

What are the warnings and precautions for Diazepam?

Caution should be exercised in patients with increased eye pressure, seizures, lung, heart or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, drowsiness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication. The skilled tasks are to be carried out with caution even on the following day as there may be a hangover or residual effect particularly with long-acting benzodiazepines.
Avoid alcohol consumption and smoking while taking this medication.
Avoid excess dosage and long-term use of this medication.

What are the side effects of Diazepam?

   Most Common : Drowsiness, fatigue and incoordination.
   Central Nervous System : Confusion, depression, slurred speech, headache, fainting, tremor and unsteadiness.
   Gastrointestinal : Constipation and nausea.
   Genitourinary : Urinary incontinence, changes in sexual drive and urinary retention.
   Heart : Slow heart rate and low blood pressure.
   Eye and ENT : Blurred vision, double vision and night blindness.
   Skin : Hives and skin rash.
   Miscellaneous : Hiccups, changes in salivation and jaundice.

What are the other precautions for Diazepam?

Monitor liver function and complete blood cell counts regularly while taking this medication.

What are the storage conditions of Diazepam?

Store it at room temperature (20 to 25C).


Schedule : H

Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

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