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Last Updated : 12/9/2017

General Information on Dehydroemetine

Generic Name : Dehydroemetine

Pronunciation : De-hydro-eme-ten

Latest prescription information about Dehydroemetine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Therapeutic Classification : Antiprotozoal Agents, Amebicides

Trade Names/Brand Names of Dehydroemetine

Overview of Dehydroemetine

Dehydroemetine is an antiprotozoal agent and a synthetic derivative of emetine with similar anti-amebic properties but with fewer side effects.

Why is Dehydroemetine Prescribed? (Indications)

Dehydroemetine is classified as an antiprotozoal agent. It is a less toxic derivative of emetine, the parent compound. Since it acts as a severe irritant when given orally, it is mostly given as an injection.

It is used for the treatment of
Amebic Dysentery as an alternative to metronidazole injection and to 5-nitroimidazole when the latter does not show adequate response
Amebic abscess when it becomes necessary to give a second round of treatment 6 weeks later in patients with extensive hepatic abscesses.
 

When should Dehydroemetine not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Dehydroemetine is contraindicated in patients with condition like polyneuritis (weakness and pain due to nerve damage) and heart disease.

What is the dosage of Dehydroemetine?

The recommended dose of dehydroemetine is

Adults: 1 mg/kg daily, up to a maximum of 60 mg, for up to 4-6 days.
Elderly and severely ill patients: Reduction by up to 50% of adult dose.
Children: 1 mg/kg daily for no more than 5 days.

While treating amebic dysentery, supplementary treatment with tetracycline will help in reducing bacterial superinfection.
While treating hepatic abscess, supplementary treatment with chloroquine may be given orally, either simultaneously or immediately afterwards.
Diloxanide (a second line treatment for amebic infections) should be taken orally by all patients after treatment is discontinued to eliminate surviving organisms in the colon.

How should Dehydroemetine be taken?

Dehydroemetine is available in an injection form as 60 mg of dehydroemetine dihydrochloride in a 1-ml ampoule.
Injections should always be given intramuscularly with a minimum of at least 6 weeks before a second course is started.

What are the warnings and precautions for Dehydroemetine?

Dehydroemetine should be administered only in a hospital.
Heart rate and blood pressure of the patient should be monitored carefully and the drug should be discontinued if there are signs of fast heart beat, very low blood pressure or if there are any electrical changes in the heart.
Patients with preexisting cardiac disease, renal or neuromuscular disease should strictly avoid using the drug.
Symptoms of weakness and serious toxic effects may be warning signs to reduce dosage.
Avoid use in pregnancy (due to its toxicity to the fetus); maybe given to protect the mother only if amebic dysentery develops in late pregnancy.

What are the side effects of Dehydroemetine?

  Skin: Abscess formation, eczema like rash
  Neuromuscular disorder: Weakness, muscular pain in limbs and neck, shortness of breath; neuromuscular symptoms are dose-related and are mostly followed by cardiotoxicity
  Cardiac effects: Hypotension, tachycardia, and dysrhythmias; changes in electrical activity that might be followed by toxicity
  Other: Headache, nausea, vomiting, local pain

What are the other precautions for Dehydroemetine?

Avoid if allergic to the drug or any of its ingredients.
Avoid if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
. You should discontinue the use of this drug after delivery.

What are the Drug Interactions of Dehydroemetine?

Drugs that can cause dysrhythmias can increase the cardiotoxic effects of dehydroemetine.

What are the storage conditions of Dehydroemetine?

Store at room temperature below 30C.

Last Updated : 12/9/2017

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