Cysteamine Bitartrate - Drug Information

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General Information on Cysteamine Bitartrate

Generic Name : Cysteamine Bitartrate

Pronunciation : sis TEE a meen

Latest prescription information about Cysteamine Bitartrate. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : E72.0 | Therapeutic Classification : Enzyme Replacement Therapy

Trade Names/Brand Names of Cysteamine Bitartrate

International- Cystagon, Procysbi.

Why is Cysteamine Bitartrate Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is bitartrate salt of cysteamine prescribed for nephropathic cystinosis in children and adults. 

When should Cysteamine Bitartrate not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Cysteamine Bitartrate?

Children up to age of 12 years: The recommended dosage is 1.30 grams/m2/day of the free base, given in four divided doses.
Patients over age 12 and over 110 pounds weight: The recommended dosage is 2.0 grams/day, divided four times daily.
Children under the age of 6: The capsule content should be sprinkled over the food.
New patients should be started on to 1/6 of the maintenance dose of this medication. The dose should then be raised gradually over four to six weeks to avoid intolerance.

How should Cysteamine Bitartrate be taken?

It comes as a hard gelatin capsule to take by mouth with food as prescribed your health care provider.

What are the warnings and precautions for Cysteamine Bitartrate?

Do not give a whole capsule to a child younger than 6 years old.
Do not use this medication beyond the dosage specified or longer than recommended.
Withheld this medication if skin rash, central nervous system symptoms, gastrointestinal ulceration and bleeding occurs.

What are the side effects of Cysteamine Bitartrate?

  Common - Nausea, bad breath, abdominal pain, indigestion, constipation, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, inflammation of the duodenum, gastrointestinal ulceration and bleeding, drowsiness, brain disorder, headache, seizures, lack of muscle coordination, confusion, tremor, abnormal muscular movements, decreased hearing, dizziness.
  Cardiovascular - Hypertension.
  Genitourinary - Interstitial nephritis, renal failure.
  Psychiatric - Nervousness, abnormal thinking, depression, emotional lability, hallucinations, nightmares.
  Skin - Hives.
  Eye - Loss of vision, eye pain, blurred vision.
  Clinical Laboratory - Abnormal liver function, anemia, decrease in the number of white blood cells.
  Body as a whole - Dehydration.

What are the other precautions for Cysteamine Bitartrate?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions of Cysteamine Bitartrate?

Store at room temperature (20 to 25C) away from light and moisture.

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