Clonidine - Drug Information

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General Information on Clonidine

Generic Name : Clonidine

Pronunciation : kloe' ni deen

Latest prescription information about Clonidine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.5 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Adrenergic Blockers - Centrally Acting

Trade Names/Brand Names of Clonidine

India : 

International : 

Catapres Catapres-TTS, Jenloga

Why is Clonidine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an alpha agonist, prescribed for high blood pressure. By decreasing the level of certain chemicals in blood it lowers blood pressure.

When should Clonidine not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Clonidine?

The usual oral adult dose is 0.1mg twice daily initially. The maximum oral dose is 2.4 mg daily in divided doses.

How should Clonidine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Clonidine?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of stroke, recent heart attack, heart or kidney disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid abrupt withdrawal; withdraw gradually.

What are the side effects of Clonidine?

   Most Common : Dry mouth, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, lethargy, sedation, sleeplessness, dizziness, impotence/sexual dysfunction, dry throat, constipation, tingling, nausea and vomiting.
   Body as a Whole : Fever, uneasiness, weakness, pallor and withdrawal syndrome.
   Heart : Congestive heart failure, stroke, slow/fast heart rate, chest pain, fainting, high blood pressure and palpitations.
   Central Nervous System : Sudden severe confusion, mental depression, hallucinations, localized numbness, abnormal dreams, restlessness, anxiety, agitation, irritability and other behavioral changes.
   Skin : Angioneurotic edema, rash, hives, itching, hair loss and pigmentation.
   Gastrointestinal : Loss of appetite, salivary gland pain
   Genitourinary : Difficulty in urination.
   Metabolic : Breast enlargement in males and weight gain.
   Musculoskeletal : Muscle or joint pain and leg cramps.
   Eye : Blurred vision, decreased lacrimation and burning of eyes.

What are the other precautions for Clonidine?

Do not take more than the recommended dose.

What are the storage conditions of Clonidine?

Store it at room temperature, and out of the reach of children.


Schedule : H

Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

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shivnandan 

there are very less number of manufacturer of Clonidine 0.1 ,0.2 mg. in india i.e only three suppliers unichem neon and zydus cadila kindly helps to get more.

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