Trade Names/Brand Names :
Aller-Chlor, Allerlief, Chlor-Trimeton, Chlorphen, Pediatan, Ridramin, TanaHist-PD, Teldrin HBP, Triaminic, AllergyUni-Cortrom, Wal-finate
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic conditions such as itchy and watery eyes, sneezing, runny nose, hay fever and common cold. It may also be used to relieve the itching from insect bites and bee stings.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in newborns and patients with hypersensitivity.
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adult: PO- Allergic conditions- 4 mg 4-6 hourly. Max: 24 mg/day.
IV/IM/SC- Adjunct in anaphylactic shock- 10-20 mg. Total max: 40 mg/day.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet and syrup to take by mouth, with or without food. It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein, muscle, or under the skin.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of asthma, lung disease, heart problems, high blood pressure, sugar, blood vessel problems, stroke, increased eye pressure, intestinal blockage, ulcer, urinary obstruction, enlarged prostate, seizures, overactive thyroid, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast feeding.
It may cause dizziness, drowsiness or blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery while taking this medication.
If there is no improvement in your health condition after 1 week of treatment, consult with your doctor.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.
Side Effects :
• Most Common
Drowsiness and chest mucus.
• Central nervous system
Headache, excitability, fatigue, nervousness and dizziness.
Nausea, dry mouth, diarrhea, abdominal pain, increased appetite and weight.
Urinary retention and urinary frequency.
Joint pain and weakness.
Inflammation of pharynx.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Avoid long-term use of this medication.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (15° to 30° C), and in an airtight container. Keep away from children.
Schedule : G
Drugs that are to be used only under medical supervision.