Chloroquine - Drug Information

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General Information on Chloroquine

Generic Name : Chloroquine

Pronunciation : chlo-ro-quine

Latest prescription information about Chloroquine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y41.2 | Therapeutic Classification : Anti- Malarials

Why is Chloroquine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an antimalarial agent, prescribed for malaria.  It prevents the growth of parasites in the red blood cells.

When should Chloroquine not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with vision problem, who are taking liver toxic drugs, and hypersensitivity.

Pregnancy Category

A B C D X

Category C :

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.

What is the dosage of Chloroquine?

Adults: PO- Initial dose is 600 mg, then 300mg 6hours later and 300mg every day for 2 days.
Children: PO- Initial dose is 10 mg/kg, then 5mg/kg 6hours later and 5 mg/kg every day for 2 days.

How should Chloroquine be taken?

It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Chloroquine?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of blood disease, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency, seizures, stomach problem, liver disease, central nervous system problems, psoriasis, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid exposure to sunlight.

What are the side effects of Chloroquine?

   Eye and ENT : Vision impairment, deafness, ringing in the ear and ear damage.
   Musculoskeletal : Nerve disease and muscle weakness.
   Gastrointestinal : Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
   Skin : Skin eruptions, pigmentation, itching, sensitivity to light, and hair loss.
   Blood : Anemia, reversible decrease in white blood cells and platelet counts.
   Central Nervous system : Seizures, headache, emotion, personality changes and depression.
   Heart : Low blood pressure.

What are the other precautions for Chloroquine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions of Chloroquine?

Store it at room temperature (25-30C).

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