Cetirizine - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Cetirizine | Pronunciation : Cet-ree-zine
International :Aller-Tec, Alleroff, Zyrtec
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic reactions. It blocks the histamine action, which reduces allergy symptoms.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult: PO- The recommended dose is 10 mg once daily.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
It may cause drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Headache, inflammation of pharynx, abdominal pain, cough, drowsiness, diarrhea, nosebleed, asthma, nausea and vomiting.
Metabolic - Loss of appetite, flushing, increased salivation, urinary retention, dehydration, increased sugar, and thirst.
Heart - Heart failure, high blood pressure, fast heart rate, and palpitations.
Central Nervous System - Incoordination, confusion, slurred speech, leg cramps, tingling, fainting, paralysis, tremor, twitching, visual defect, abnormal thinking, agitation, memory loss, sleeplessness and nervousness.
Gastrointestinal - Abnormal liver function, aggravated tooth caries, constipation, indigestion, flatulence, stomach inflammation, piles, increased appetite, blood in stool, rectal bleeding, mouth ulcer, tongue discoloration and tongue swelling.
Genitourinary - Bladder inflammation, painful urination, blood in urine, urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, and urinary tract infection, painful menstrual period, irregular period, breast pain and vaginal inflammation.
Eye and ENT - Deafness, ear pain, ear damage, ringing in the ear, taste perversion, blindness and increased eye pressure.
Musculoskeletal - Muscle weakness/pain, joint inflammation and joint pain.
Respiratory - Lung inflammation, difficulty in breathing, increased sputum, pneumonia, respiratory disorder and upper respiratory tract infection.
Skin - Pimples, hair loss, skin inflammation, eruption, dry skin, redness, itching, and hives.
Body as a Whole - Accidental injury, weakness, back pain, chest pain, enlarged abdomen, face swelling, fever, hot flashes, increased weight, leg swelling, uneasiness, swelling in the extremities and rigors.