Cetirizine - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Cetirizine | Pronunciation : Cet-ree-zine
Latest prescription information about Cetirizine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
International :Aller-Tec, Alleroff, Zyrtec
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an antihistamine, prescribed for allergic reactions. It blocks the histamine action, which reduces allergy symptoms.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult: PO- The recommended dose is 10 mg once daily.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
It may cause drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Headache, inflammation of pharynx, abdominal pain, cough, drowsiness, diarrhea, nosebleed, asthma, nausea and vomiting.
Metabolic - Loss of appetite, flushing, increased salivation, urinary retention, dehydration, increased sugar, and thirst.
Heart - Heart failure, high blood pressure, fast heart rate, and palpitations.
Central Nervous System - Incoordination, confusion, slurred speech, leg cramps, tingling, fainting, paralysis, tremor, twitching, visual defect, abnormal thinking, agitation, memory loss, sleeplessness and nervousness.
Gastrointestinal - Abnormal liver function, aggravated tooth caries, constipation, indigestion, flatulence, stomach inflammation, piles, increased appetite, blood in stool, rectal bleeding, mouth ulcer, tongue discoloration and tongue swelling.
Genitourinary - Bladder inflammation, painful urination, blood in urine, urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, and urinary tract infection, painful menstrual period, irregular period, breast pain and vaginal inflammation.
Eye and ENT - Deafness, ear pain, ear damage, ringing in the ear, taste perversion, blindness and increased eye pressure.
Musculoskeletal - Muscle weakness/pain, joint inflammation and joint pain.
Respiratory - Lung inflammation, difficulty in breathing, increased sputum, pneumonia, respiratory disorder and upper respiratory tract infection.
Skin - Pimples, hair loss, skin inflammation, eruption, dry skin, redness, itching, and hives.
Body as a Whole - Accidental injury, weakness, back pain, chest pain, enlarged abdomen, face swelling, fever, hot flashes, increased weight, leg swelling, uneasiness, swelling in the extremities and rigors.
Other Precautions :Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :Store it at room temperature (20-25°C).