Cefixime - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Cefixime | Pronunciation : sef ix' eem
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an oral cephalosporin (third generation) antibiotic, prescribed for gonorrhea, tonsilitis and pharyngitis. It works by fighting against the bacteria in the body.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Adult: PO- Susceptible infections- The recommended dose is 200-400 mg/day.
Uncomplicated gonorrhoea- The recommended dose is 400 mg as a single dose.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet, capsule and syrup to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of diarrhea, stomach or bowel problems (eg, inflammation), bleeding or blood clotting problems, kidney or liver problems, poor nutrition, any allergy, who are taking other medications, children, during pregnancy and breast feeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid changing dose forms (eg, tablets, suspension) without your doctor’s advice.
Take full course of treatment.
Side Effects :
Most Common - Diarrhea, loose or frequent stools, abdominal pain, nausea, stomach upset and flatulence.
Hypersensitivity - Skin rashes, hives, fever, itching and facial swelling.
Liver - Elevated liver enzymes level, jaundice and liver inflammation.
Genitourinary - Transient elevations in BUN or creatinine levels and kidney failure.
Central Nervous System- Headache, dizziness and seizures.
Blood - Decrease in blood cell counts.
Other - Genital itching, vaginal inflammation/fungal infection and skin disorders.
Other Precautions :It may reduce platelet counts, avoid injury or bruising.
Avoid any vaccination during the treatment.