Trade Names/Brand Names :
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an antidiabetic (sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor), prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus along with diet and exercise.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with severe kidney impairment, ESRD, or on dialysis and known hypersensitivity.
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO- The recommended initial dose is 100 mg once daily.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, should be taken before the first meal of the day.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Monitor kidney functions, potassium levels regularly while taking this medication; correct hypovolaemia (decreased blood volume) in patients with kidney impairment, the elderly and in patients with low systolic blood pressure.
Patient may develop with increased risk of genital mycotic infections and increased LDL; if it is so consult with your healthcare provider.
Side Effects :
• Most Common
Female genital mycotic infections, urinary tract infection and increased urination.
Increased thirst, constipation, nausea and vomiting.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store at 25°C.