Generic Name : Ampicillin Pronunciation : am pi sill in Therapeutic Classification : Antibiotics ICD Code : Y40.0
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International: Omnipen, Polycillin, Principen. Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is beta-lactam antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of bacterial infections such as UTI, meningitis, gonorrhea, and respiratory tract infections. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with infectious mononucleosis and hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult- PO/IM/IV- The recommended dose range is 0.5 to 3gm every 6 hours or 4 times/day.
Child- 25 to 50mg/kg/day. How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet, capsule and syrup to take by mouth, on an empty stomach.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or large muscle. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, any allergy, asthma, blood disease, intestinal inflammation, stomach problems, hay fever, who are taking other medications, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
* It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* Take full course of treatment.
* Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it may cause secondary infection.
* Patient may experience stomach pain, severe diarrhea, blood in stool; if it so consult with your doctor.
Side Effects :
Body as a whole - Severe allergic reactions such as rash, fever and hives.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Hypersensitivity - Anaphylactic shock, redness of skin, skin inflammation, hives and inflammation of blood vessels.
Liver - Jaundice and liver inflammation.
Blood - Anemia and blood disorder.
Miscellaneous - Tooth discoloration.
* Monitor liver function, kidney function and complete blood cell counts regularly while taking this medication. Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (20-25°C) and in an airtight container. Keep away from children.
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