Trade Names/Brand Names :
Amikin, Amikin Pediatric
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, prescribed for serious bacterial infections. It inhibits the production of bacterial proteins, which causes bacterial cell death.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Generally not indicated for long-term therapy because of ototoxicity (damage to the ear) and nephrotoxicity (damage to kidney cells).
Category D :
There is an evidence of fetal risk based on adverse reaction data, but potential benefits may allow the drug to be used in pregnant women despite risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
The recommended dose is 15mg/kg/day in 1-3 doses, urinary tract infection 250mg twice a day.
How it should be taken :
This medication available in the form of injection, administered by a healthcare professional.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney disease, vertigo, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, myasthenia gravis, or Parkinson's disease, during pregnancy.
Discontinue, if signs of ototoxicity, neurotoxicity or hypersensitivity occurs; and during lactation.
Safety has not been established for treatment period >14 days.
Monitor renal function before and during treatment.
Side Effects :
Muscle weakness (due to blocking of signals from the nerves to the muscles).
Eye and ENT
Hearing loss and loss of balance.
Reduced urine volume, protein in urine, increased serum creatinine, urinary casts, red and white blood cells in urine and high level of nitrogen waste in blood (azotemia).
Decreased serum magnesium.
Other Precautions :
Do not change the dose without consulting your doctor.
Storage Conditions :
Injection: Store it in the refrigerator or freezer. Take your next dose from the refrigerator 1 hour before using it; place it in a clean, dry area to allow it to warm to room temperature. Do not refreeze medications.
Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.