Trade Names/Brand Names :
Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a benzodiazepine, prescribed for anxiety and panic disorders. It reduces the nervous tension by slowing down the movement of chemicals in the brain
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure, who are taking itraconazole or ketoconazole and hypersensitivity.
Category D :
There is an evidence of fetal risk based on adverse reaction data, but potential benefits may allow the drug to be used in pregnant women despite risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
The starting dose for treating anxiety is 0.25-0.5 mg, 3 times daily using immediate release tablets.
The dose may be increased every 3-4 days to a maximum dose of 4 mg daily.
The starting dose for treating panic attacks is 0.5 mg, 3 times daily. Doses can be increased every 3-4 days but by no more than 1 mg daily. The effective dose for preventing panic attacks may be as high as 6 mg daily.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of asthma or other respiratory diseases, kidney or liver impairment, depression, suicidal thoughts, alcohol addiction, increased eye pressure, who are taking other medications, any allergy, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may decrease alertness and coordination. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid grape fruit or grape fruit juice consumption while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
• Central Nervous System
Drowsiness, lightheadedness, depression, headache, confusion, sleeplessness, nervousness, fainting, dizziness and tiredness.
Dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting and increased salivation.
Fast heart rate and low blood pressure.
Rigidity and tremor.
Skin inflammation and allergy.
Nose congestion and weight gain/loss.
Other Precautions :
Avoid abrupt withdrawal of this medication.
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature and in an airtight container. Keep away from light and children.
Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.