Trade Names/Brand Names :
- Kazano , Nesina , Oseni.
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an anti-diabetic drug, prescribed for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated to patients with kidney impairment, metabolic acidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hypersensitivity.
Category B :
Animal studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and appropriate studies on pregnant women are lacking.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO - The initial dose is based on patient’s condition. Maximum recommended dose is 25/2000mg.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth (1.2.5/500mg), two times per day with food.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver impairment, acute pancreatitis, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Patient may develop with increased risk of liver failure (sometimes fatal); monitor liver functions and complete blood counts regularly while taking this medication.
Follow the diet and exercise program instructed by your healthcare provider.
Side Effects :
• Most Common
Upper respiratory tract infection, heart attack, throat inflammation, diarrhea, high blood pressure, headache, back pain and urinary tract infection.
Nausea, vomiting, flatulence, weakness, indigestion and abdominal discomfort.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (20°C to 25°C).