Trade Names/Brand Names :
Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a first-generation sulfonylurea agent, prescribed for type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes. It increases insulin secretion by stimulating pancreas.
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO- The recommended dose is 250-1500 mg two times per day; Maximum- 1500 mg/day.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, thyroid disorder, heart disease, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Patient may experience low blood sugar with the following symptoms: extreme weakness, blurred vision, sweating, trouble speaking, tremor, stomach pain, confusion, seizure, or coma. If it is so consult with your doctor.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
• Most Common
Swelling, rapid weight gain, increased urination, pale or yellowed skin, dark colored urine, fever, confusion, weakness.
Nausea, stomach pain, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, low fever, clay-colored stools, jaundice.
• Central Nervous System
Fever, sore throat and headache.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature.