Trade Names/Brand Names :
- Percocet, Roxicet, Tylox, Oxycet, Roxilox.
Why it is prescribed :
This combination medication is a narcotic analgesic, prescribed for moderate to severe pain. Acetaminophen increases the effects of Oxycodone, which is an opioid pain medication.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with significant respiratory depression, intestinal obstruction and hypersensitivity.
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
The usual adult dosage is one tablet every 6 hours as needed for pain. The total daily dose of acetaminophen should not exceed 4 grams. The available dosages are oxycodone/acetaminophen 2.5/325, 7.5/325, 7.5/500, 10/325 and 10 /650 mg.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet, capsule and solution to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney diseases, heart problems, lung disease, seizure disorders, serious head injury or brain diseases, spinal problems, underactive thyroid, adrenal gland problems, breathing problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, blurred vision or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It may lead to constipation; take proper diet, drink adequate water and avoid antidiarrheals while on this medication.
Side Effects :
Respiratory depression, difficulty in breathing, respiratory arrest, circulatory depression, low blood pressure and shock.
• Body as a Whole
Severe allergic reactions, uneasiness, weakness, fatigue, chest pain, fever, chills, thirst, headache and increased sweating.
High blood pressure, fast/slow heart rate and palpitations.
• Central Nervous System
Lack of consciousness, tremor, tingling, drowsiness, seizures, epilepsy, anxiety, mental impairment, agitation, swelling of the brain, confusion, dizziness, sleeplessness, nervousness, hallucinations, depression, suicidal thoughts and drug abuse.
Indigestion, taste disturbances, abdominal pain, enlarged abdomen, increased sweating, diarrhea, dry mouth, flatulence, gastrointestinal disorders, nausea, vomiting, inflammation of pancreas, intestinal obstruction and constipation.
Liver failure and jaundice.
• Eye and ENT
Hearing loss, ringing in the ear, visual disturbances and redness of eye.
Decreased platelet count.
Decreased/increased sugar level in blood, acidity, alkalosis and dehydration.
Muscle pain and weakness.
Asthma, lung swelling, bronchospasm, respiratory arrest, respiratory depression, pulmonary edema, laryngeal edema and shallow/fast breathing.
• Skin and Appendages
Redness, rash, flushing and hives.
Liver inflammation, papillary necrosis, protein in urine, kidney insufficiency, kidney failure and urinary retention.
Other Precautions :
If condition worsens consult with your doctor.
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature (20° to 25°C) and in an airtight light- resistant container. Keep away from children.