Why it is prescribed :
This combination medication contains antiretroviral agents, prescribed for HIV-1 infection. It blocks and prevents HIV reproduction in the body.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
The recommended oral dose is one tablet daily.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet abacavir 600 mg (as sulfate)/lamivudine 300 mg) to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney impairment, heart disease, diabetes or cholesterol, poor immunity, who are taking other medications, any allergy, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It doesn’t stop the spread of infections to others; avoid sexual contact during the treatment period.
Side Effects :
Hypersensitivity, sleeplessness, depression, headache, migraine, fatigue, uneasiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, fever, abdominal pain, abnormal dreams, anxiety, cough or Inflammation of the pharynx, eye problems, enlarged lymph nodes and swollen ankles.
Body as a Whole
Redistribution/accumulation of body fat.
Mouth ulcer, sore throat.
Muscle weakness, CPK elevation, damaged skeletal muscle.
Central Nervous System
Tingling, nerve disease, seizures.
Abnormal breath sounds/wheezing.
Hair loss, redness, Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (25°C).