Why it is prescribed :
This medication is a decongestant, prescribed for cold, allergic rhinitis and hay fever. It relieves stuffy nose, opens nasal airways and drains sinuses.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with severe high blood pressure, children less than 12 years and hypersensitivity.
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
Adult: PO- As HCl or sulfate: 60 mg 4-6 hourly. Max: 4-doses/24 hour. Extended release 120 mg 12 hourly or 240 mg 24 hourly.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet, capsule, and liquid to take by mouth, with or without food.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of high blood pressure, increased eye pressure, sugar, difficulty in urinating, thyroid or heart disease, intestinal blockage, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Do not take appetite control medicines while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Central Nervous System
Nervousness, excitability, restlessness, dizziness, weakness and sleeplessness.
Difficulty in breathing, fast heartbeat, palpitations, tremors, hallucinations, pain or burning during urination.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Store it at room temperature.