Clonazepam - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Clonazepam | Pronunciation : kloe na' ze pam
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :This medication is an anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, prescribed for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, panic disorder and seizures. It decreases abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):Contraindicated in patients with increased eye pressure, liver disease and hypersensitivity.
Pregnancy Category :
Category D :There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :Seizure Disorders- Adults: The initial dose should not exceed 1.5 mg/day divided into three doses. It may be increased if needed.
Pediatric Patients: The initial dose should be between 0.01 and 0.03 mg/kg/day but not to exceed 0.05 mg/kg/day given in two or three divided doses.
Panic Disorder- Adults: The initial is 0.25 mg two times per day. It may be increased if needed.
How it should be taken :It comes as a tablet to take by mouth as directed by your physician.
Warnings and Precautions :Caution should be exercised in patients with history of myasthenia gravis, kidney or liver problems, blood disorder, mental or mood problems, respiratory problem, alcohol abuse, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast feeding.
It may cause drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness and blurred vision, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
It may cause unconsciousness, avoid doing unsafe tasks.
Patient may develop with increased risk of suicidal thoughts, watch them carefully.
If condition worsens, consult with your doctor.
Monitor liver function, complete blood cell counts, and electrocardiograms regularly while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Central Nervous System - Drowsiness, headache, fatigue, nervousness, lethargy, dizziness, nausea, hangover, anxiety, depression, weakness, confusion, blurred vision, abnormal dreams, and fainting.
Heart - Difficulty in breathing and palpitations.
Blood - Anemia, decreased white blood cells and platelets.
Gastrointestinal - Vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth and abdominal discomfort.
Musculoskeletal - Muscle weakness and pain.
Skin - Hair loss and rash.
Genitourinary - Painful urination, urine retention and bed-wetting.
Eye - Excessive sweating and burning eyes.
Other Precautions :Avoid alcohol consumption.
Avoid excess dosage.